Bursera fagaroides is a small pachycaul tree that thrives in warm-temperate regions with extended dry seasons. They are native to north-western Mexico, also appearing in southern Arizona. While dormant most of the year, leaves rapidly form with the onset of hot summer weather. The highly aromatic leaves and resin produce a pleasant citrus odor when crushed.
Bursera fagaroides is one of the sources of Copal incense in North America. The scent is thought to calm and clear the mind. Resin from various species of Copal were once widely burned throughout the Mayan empire and are still commonly burned in churches throughout Mexico. The scent of the smoke is thought to help the souls of the deceased find their way back home on the Day of the Dead.
Species: B. fagaroides
Cuajiote amarillo (Spanish en Morelos), Cuajiote colorado (Spanish en San Luis Potosi), Elephant Tree, Fragrant Bursera, Fragrant Elephant Tree, Palo xiote (Spanish en Querétaro), Pima Bajo (Spanish), Torote (Spanish), Torote prieto (Spanish), Torote de vaca (Spanish), White Bark Tree
Bursera confusa, Bursera fagarioides, Bursera lonchophylla, Bursera obovata, Bursera odorata, Bursera schaffneri, Bursera tenuifolia, Elaphrium confusum, Elaphrium fagaroides, Elaphrium lonchophyllum, Elaphrium odoratum, Elaphrium obovatum, Elaphrium purpusii, Elaphrium schaffneri, Terebinthus fagaroides, Terebinthus odorata, Terebinthus schaffneri
Forms & varieties:
Bursera fagaroides f. bourgeauana, Bursera fagaroides f. crenulata, Bursera fagaroides f. elliptica, Bursera fagaroides var. elongata, Bursera fagaroides var. purpusii, Bursera purpusii Bursera fagaroides f. ramosissima
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